We will highlight the following advantages or challenges to the concept of resilience.

It emphasizes the factors of promotion and positive adaptation. In promotion, there is a commitment to grow not only from the individual but from the environment.

Adaptation is a function of different contexts and cultures.

Pays attention to individual and social ecology.

Challenge professionals to create comprehensive and transdisciplinary program models.

In this way, resilience allows a new epistemology of human development, which emphasizes the potential of the person and society, is specific to each culture, and calls for collective responsibility, hierarchizes community approaches without separating society and society. State your responsibilities for the collective welfare. It conveys a realistic optimism and a hopeful outlook, necessary in a globalized and unjust world.


I think this is a fundamental stage of development to relate it to resilience. To analyze the characteristics of this stage, we rely on the work of Drs. Mabel Munist and Suarez Ojeda. Interest in promoting resilience in adolescents has increased in recent years due to the failures of drug addiction and adolescent pregnancy treatments.

During this stage, pubertal changes appear, which upsets specific stability achieved in childhood, now he has a body with adult sexual functions but a child psychosocial organization.

This rapid growth also disorients parents who do not know whether to treat them as children or adults. The young man will try to separate himself from his parents and achieve his own differentiating identity. Family conflicts increase, the norms of adults are questioned, which generates a rebellion that makes daily life difficult. These conflicts are transferred to the educational field in confrontation with teachers.

The peer group takes on great importance; the friend is an inseparable company, he is supportive and confidant. And if you fail in the activities of this stage, you feel inferior, and failures can affect self-esteem. Proper management of these failures is essential; learning to analyze the facts and generate alternative solutions together, young people and adults contribute to the construction of resilience.

These characteristics of adolescents could go unnoticed when the passage to adulthood was gradual, and the young person found a place of social insertion early, as happened several generations ago or in small cities. But in today’s large cities, conflicts increase, labour insertion is challenging, social exclusion increases and with this, a dropout from high school.

This forms three groups of young people, those who continue their studies and will have better job opportunities, those who enter the labour market in precarious conditions, and the unemployed.

These conditions are very harsh for adolescents, who articulate the social crisis with their families. Socio-economic problems make adolescence an increasingly tricky stage; the contradiction of the need for independence and difficulties in implementing it arises forces them to prolong situations of family dependency.
“Is this helping me or hurting me?”

Ask yourself, “Is the way I’m thinking or acting right now helping or hindering my effort to overcome this?”

Too often, people think that being vital, worthy, resilient means enduring adversity by hiding what you are feeling, but that is false.

In reality, being resilient is also accepting your vulnerabilities, knowing when you need to seek help, and communicating.

Studies have shown that having strong, supportive relationships is probably the most critical thing we can do to develop the ability to endure and overcome adversity.
They are capable of self-motivation

Not all people are the same. Some of us are motivated by challenges, and others by opportunities for change. Resilient people know how to find new ways to get satisfaction from life. They keep motivation consistently high and can detect and attract positive things into their lives.

They don’t ask why, but how

One of the characteristics of people who tend to collapse in the face of problems is that they allow themselves to be carried away by reproachful thoughts, where they constantly question why the negative situation that distresses them has happened to them.

Resilient people use their energy to understand how they can handle or get out of a conflict situation.

If, after reading these characteristics of resilient people, you think that you are not one of them, you must bear in mind that resilience is present in all people. The difference between those who are more and those who are more miniature can be in critical aspects of being and in practice.

If you start looking at things from another perspective, the problems will look more miniature dramas and more challenging than you can even enjoy depending on the circumstances. The key? The will to change.
They can detect the cause of problems.

Resilient people carry out the necessary strategies to prevent the problem situation from happening again. This also implies self-analysis since sometimes the trigger for a conflict does not come from outside but from within.

Therefore these people would operate in the following way: “If I cannot change the situation, I can choose to change myself.”

They know how to handle their emotions

Resilient people are capable of managing their thoughts since any emotion starts from here. We think, then we feel. Resilient people control their thoughts to avoid being carried away by those who have a negative charge and, therefore, can generate negative emotions.

If our thoughts are negative, negative emotions are triggered. And on the contrary, if our thoughts are positive, our mood will be more positive. If we train our resilience, we will better control negative thoughts, and we will face adversity much better.
Today, resilience is seen as a natural human capacity that could be the key to emerging successfully from the current economic crisis and other inevitable life crises.
According to the psychiatrist Rafaela Santos, president of the Spanish Institute of Resilience, explains to Infosalus that resilience is resistance in the face of adversity and the ability to rebuild, emerging from the strengthened conflict, which characterizes resilience.


“It is a positive vital attitude despite difficult circumstances and represents the positive side of mental health. It also consists of knowing how to learn from defeat and transform it into an opportunity for personal development”, adds Santos, author of ‘Get up and fight’ ( Editorial Conecta), awarded the KnowSquare Award for Best Business Book 2013.